AskDefine | Define sharper

Dictionary Definition

sharper n : a person who swindles you by means of deception or fraud [syn: swindler, chiseller, chiseler, gouger, scammer, grifter, sharpie, sharpy]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. comparative of sharp


  1. a swindler; a cheat; a professional gambler who makes his living by cheating.


Extensive Definition

A sharper is an older term, common since the seventeenth-century, for thieves who use trickery to part an owner with his or her money possessions. Sharpers vary from what we now call con-men by virtue of the simplicity of their cons, which often were impromptu, rather than carefully orchestrated, though those certainly happened as well. The 1737 Dictionary of Thieving Slang defines a sharper as "A Cheat, One who lives by his wits." In the nineteenth-century, and into today, the term is more closely associated with gambling.

The Eighteenth-Century Sharper and Public Imagination

Sharpers were romantic figures in the eighteenth-century, valued as imaginative figures for their perceived social independence and ability to create new social networks of gangs. The appeal of an independent society, operating outside the law, has been imaginative evocative for centuries, but in eighteenth-century London philosophical thought, influenced by Thomas Hobbes and Rousseau's new formulations of social contract, the romanticization of thievery reached new levels. John Gay's The Beggar's Opera and Henry Fielding's novel Jonathan Wild are only two examples of sharpers as heroes, in these cases, to provide satirical ammunition against the British Prime Minister Horace Walpole.

Outside sources

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

adventurer, betting ring, bettor, boneshaker, bunco artist, bunco steerer, cardshark, cardsharp, cardsharper, carpetbagger, cheat, compulsive gambler, con artist, con man, confidence man, crap shooter, crimp, defrauder, diddler, double-dealer, gambler, gamester, gyp, hazarder, horse coper, horse trader, jackleg, land pirate, land shark, land-grabber, mortgage shark, mountebank, pettifogger, petty gambler, piker, pitchman, player, plunger, punter, shark, sharp, sharpie, shortchanger, shyster, slicker, speculator, spieler, sport, sporting man, sportsman, tinhorn, tipster, tout, trickster, venturer, wagerer
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